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Manufacturer Interviews

Manufacturer Interviews

  • Minichamps North America
    13464 SW 131st Street
    Miami, FL 33186

    Tel: (305) 971-1171
    Contact: Alain Morot, Floyd Foland

Alain Morot, Director of Operations, Minichamps North America

If you are not familiar with the Minichamps brand, you should be. Just as Mercedes Benz, BMW and Porsche have become the de facto standards amongst the German automotive market, so too has Minichamps in the diecast industry, where these very same leveraged brands take on added meaning to collectors, world over. In a relatively short period of time, Minichamps has risen to a level of par excellence, thanks in part to a savvy business model many have envied but few have replicated. And, in a climate of growing economic uncertainty, Minichamps continues to blaze ahead, daring their competitors to keep up or drop back while they themselves take the hairpin curves at full speed.

Recently, we were privileged to conduct an email interview with Alain Morot, head of Minichamps North America, which is located in Miami, Florida, and serves as the US counterpart to Minichamps Germany. In this eye opening tete-a-tete, Mr. Morot sheds new light on the success story that continues to propel their growth and offers added insight into the marketing prowess of this diecast giant.

The Motor Pool (TMP): Could you tell us about your background and how you came to be associated with Minichamps?

Minichamps (MIN): I was born and raised in Le Mans, France, 59 years ago. Initially, I studied and worked -- quite successfully -- in the Luxury International Hotel Management business. Moreover, I traveled and lived in various countries during this timeframe, including different areas in the Middle East, before finally settling down in the USA in 1982. Thereupon, I embarked upon a complete career change, which began with the importation of a model vehicle line known as Majorette Toys. At that time, Hot Wheels was the dominant brand in the toy business, since Matchbox, its fiercest competitor, had gone bankrupt in the United Kingdom where it was based. Over the past 27 years, my experience within the diecast industry has continued to flourish. I was first involved in the mass-market toy business. Gradually I moved into the hobby sector with the launch of Morotoys, Inc., which eventually became Morotsport, Inc. During this period, I was responsible for introducing several new lines into the US market including Majorette, Solido, Rextoys, Vitesse, Onyx, Best, Bang, NZG, Eligor, Top Model, Jouef, and Minichamps, as well as some plastic kits and sporting goods lines. Along the way, I was an integral member of both Minichamps USA, Inc. and Gateway Global USA, Inc. For the past eight years, I have run Minichamps North America, Inc., which imports and exclusively distributes the Minichamps, Kyosho, BBR, Bauer, and Amalgam brands.

I became associated with Minichamps during its humble beginnings in the late 80's when Paul G. Lang of 'Danhausen' took over the AMR brand in France. At that time, they were assembling their own kits in Germany under the Century label. They soon started Paul's Model Art, first under the brand MAX Models, which soon transitioned to the name Minichamps. Back then, there were relatively few decent models for the hobbyist to choose from. Minichamps sparked a revolution in model making by being the first diecast maker to go to China to create better, fully assembled models for the growing promotional car manufacturer sector, which took hold in Germany with the likes of Mercedes Benz and Porsche.

Ironically, my grandfather was manufacturing 1/10 scale Citroen models before WWII, under exclusive license from Andre Citroen in Paris. Back then it was called ' Le jouet Citroen. Later, after the War, they moved the Facility to a bigger site located outside Paris, which became known as 'Compagnie Industrielle du Jouet' (CIJ).

TMP: Who exactly is 'Paul' in the name Paul's Model Art Minichamps, and why does the company maintain the lengthy name after all these years?

MIN: Paul's Model Art or PMA derives its name from its founder, Paul G. Lang, of Aachen Germany. PMA is the shortened equivalent.

TMP: Many collectors consider Minichamps the 'Rolls-Royce' of diecast collecting. Why do you think collectors are so passionate about your business?

MIN: Comparing us to Rolls Royce is a good analogy. With close to 20 years in the business, collectors can now enjoy the same quality, accuracy and proper attention to detail with each new product we bring to market, much as they would with an actual Rolls Royce automobile.

A New Vehicle in the Making
TMP: How do your counterparts in Germany decide upon which vehicle would make for a good diecast replica?

MIN: What vehicle constitutes a good diecast replica? You could say it's a secret recipe of sorts. Having said that, some of the ingredients that go into the decision-making process are popularity, originality, and desirability of the vehicle in question. The rest takes care of itself.

TMP: Do you play a part in the selection process of new replicas?

MIN: Absolutely. My counterparts overseas and I are consulted on a regular basis to determine whether it makes sense to replicate a particular street- or racing car. If we perceive that a certain car would not lend itself well to the replica market, then we take a pass.

TMP: How does the North American diecast marketplace differ from the European marketplace?

MIN: While we always strive try to find a suitable vehicle that would satisfy the global market, the North American collector tends to adhere to the 'bigger is better' adage, usually opting for a larger 1/18 scale replica. Europe, on the other hand, tends to prefer 1/43 scale replicas, which, despite its smaller size, also sells extremely well in the North American market.

TMP: There was a time when Minichamps considered entering both the NASCAR and aviation diecast markets. What were the reasons that led to Minichamps staying away from these lucrative markets?

MIN: The market does not need duplication of effort. Our former partner, Motorsport Authentics, does a very good job in the NASCAR category. Furthermore, we have a program in place for the next five years that is already nearing full capacity, so there's no need for us to enter a new market such as aviation.

TMP: Are there sectors of the diecast market you are considering entering within the foreseeable future?

MIN: That’s the million-dollar question. We will never write off any single sector, since no one can be absolutely certain which category will slow down or pick up in sales going forward. We like to keep our options open.

TMP: Each year, Minichamps announces an ambitious release schedule that contains several dozen new replicas at the beginning of the year, and scores more throughout the year. Can too much of a good thing actually be harmful to your business model?

Exotic Race Cars Have Formed the Backbone of Their Business
MIN: Despite facing a so-called 'economic slowdown', our business continues to thrive and with good reason. Collectors understand that when they buy a new model from us, a good portion of the proceeds goes into new tooling, thereby enabling us to offer even more new product further down the road.

TMP: Thus far you've modeled a couple dozen military replicas, yet for 2008 only one new product, a repaint, is scheduled for release. Should collectors take that as a sign that you may be bowing out of the military replica business?

MIN: As is the case in any industry, there are business cycles bound by highs and lows. When we started the military series several years ago, nobody dared to cast heavy 1/35 scale, highly detailed metal models, so we enjoyed a solo ride for about two years. Then came a plethora of copycats. Some were decent reproductions, others somewhat toyish in appearance. As a result, our series continues to remain very popular, even though we have fewer introductions. In the end, quality pays handsome dividends.

TMP: Unlike other diecast model makers, Minichamps does not attempt to sell to every diecast dealer. Would you say this strategy has helped to maintain the value of your products and keep the brand from being heavily discounted?

MIN: We carefully select our business partners and want to ensure that our products are treated with the same respect and integrity we lavish on them.

TMP: Many of your past products have escalated in value far in excess of their original suggested retail price, sometimes going for several hundred dollars or more. Obviously, you must be happy collectors are willing to pay a premium for your products. What steps do you take to ensure the market price of your products does not decrease in value?

MIN: It's very simple. We never produce the same model over and over again. After having invested a great deal of money into a costly set of tools, it is always very tempting for a diecast company to maximize its production efforts by continuing to churn out the same product year after year. At Minichamps, if it is not a limited edition item, per se, we limit its production to a single batch then move onto something else.

TMP: What would you say is your most successful lines in North America and can the same be said for your European counterparts?

Bauer's Bugatti - Its All in the Details
MIN: All the lines we import and distribute are very successful although they do not necessarily cater to the same collector. We are currently introducing a new line to our mix, produced by a brand new German manufacturer called 'Bauer'. Their first offering is a 1/18 scale 1931 Bugatti Royale that features over 1,300 different parts. It will retail for around $600.00 US. Our reputation is such that after we announced the car in conjunction with just a few hi-res pictures showing off its details, we received reservation orders from our dealers that far exceeded our expectations. Needless to say, we are delighted by its reception.

The hardest part will be to supply these forecasted figures to eager collectors. The building process for these highly detailed cars is a very slow and tedious process. We may have to take delivery of two separate shipments just to relieve some of the burden on our craftsmen.

TMP: I believe that product development takes place in your Aachen, Germany, headquarters yet production occurs in mainland China. Have the recent hikes in oil, labor and other materials affected Minichamps, and could these added costs be reflected in your 2009 introductions?

MIN: The rising cost of oil, labor and raw materials are a worldwide epidemic lately and yes, like your gallon of milk or bread, Minichamps is not immune to these pricing pressures.

Steel and Glass - Several Views of the Recently Christened Minichamps Museum
TMP: I understand that Minichamps Germany recently opened a museum on their premises, which contains all sorts of Minichamps-related products from the past and present. Could you tell us a bit more about the museum and why would collectors world over would want to pay a visit to the museum?

MIN: The Museum was opened just recently. Senior management wanted it to be perfect from top to bottom, reflecting the personality and culture that goes into every model we make. Whether you are a collector or not, if you intend to visit Europe, the Museum is a unique experience that will help you better understand the world of Minichamps.

TMP: Minichamps is one of the few diecast car manufacturers to regularly attend the major hobby-related shows within North America. Why do you feel its necessary to meet and greet the same people you can just as easily do business with on the phone?

MIN: It is our way of saying thank you to our Dealers. Just as importantly, we enjoy meeting collectors during the consumer portion of many of these shows. One such event happens to occur at the upcoming I-Hobby Show, which is being held in Chicago from October 16th to the 19th.

Alain, thank you for taking the time to chat with us. We're sure that diecast collectors, world over, are immensely intrigued with your connection to Minichamps and take even greater pleasure adding each new offering to their growing collections. Much luck and continued success taking the hobby world by storm.

TMP: We're all familiar with German precision engineering and the part it plays in the development of your replicas. Why do you think marquis brands such as Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Porsche, Bentley and Jaguar, to name a few, trust Minichamps to do a superior job of replicating their vehicles?

MIN: Two words: accuracy and quality.....posted 7/29/2008

Note: Larger images of the Minichamps Museum along with images of the owner and his family can be found at the Minichamps German website:

  • Hobby Master
    Room 30, 5/F, Block A
    Cambridge Plaza, 188 Sun Wan Road
    Sheung Shui, N.T., Hong Kong

    Tel: (852) 3167-7199
    Contact: William Liu

William Lu, Director of Operations, Hobby Master

In today's military-themed diecast marketplace, there aren't many manufacturers that can claim to have stuck to their production schedule with almost religious zeal. Steadily churning out a diet of replica armored fighting vehicles and military aircraft for the better part of two years, newcomer Hobby Master has, by popular consensus, surpassed even the most stalwart model makers of years past to become one of the premiere makers of pre-assembled military hardware. Now poised to dominate the diminutive landscape, we thought it high time to delve a little deeper into the inner workings of this high-flying model maker, and in so doing, find out how this Hong Kong-based manufacturer has risen to the pinnacle of success in such a short period of time.

William Liu, Director of Operations for Hobby Master, was gracious enough to grant us an email interview earlier this month. Never one to shy away from the public spotlight, Mr. Liu shares his outlook on the industry and how his company fits within the diecast community at-large.

The Motor Pool (TMP): Mr. Liu, could you tell us about your background and how you came to be associated with Hobby Master?

Hobby Master (HM): Although I come from a background in media and journalism, I am an amateur plastic model kit builder for many years.

I fostered a relationship with Hobby Master approximately two years ago when the factory I now work for aimed to establish its own brand within the die-cast market. While the factory has many years of experience producing collectibles for different brands, it also saw an opportunity in the military-themed marketplace.

TMP: How do you see Hobby Master's fit within the diecast military market?

HM: Hobby Master is rather well known as a company that is willing to develop less 'main stream' subjects. This fits very well within the diecast military market where there are already far too many redundant products available to collectors.

TMP: How do you decide upon which aircraft/ ground combat vehicle would make for a good diecast replica?

HM: When deciding on a particular subject, the first thing I will look into is its market potential and the projected excitement we feel it will bring to the market. I believe collectors expect new subjects rather than very popular subjects that have been done over and over again by other manufacturers.

Certainly we believe it is vitally important to understand the expectations and needs of the collectors we serve.

TMP: What types of vehicle/ aircraft might not lend themselves well to the diecast market?

HM: As I alluded to earlier, we believe collectors have become bored with subjects that have been replicated time and again. Hence, subjects such as a 1:72 scale Zero or Mustang will have little appeal in today's market.

Also, average quality items that might have done well at retail a few years ago tend to be poor sellers in today's market. People are more concerned with quality and accuracy than ever before. They are willing to pay a premium if they are getting a higher quality replica.

TMP: Are you fearful that you could saturate the diecast market by offering multiple repaints of the same product?

HM: Yes, this is an important consideration for us. Space has become a problem for many collectors and people are getting tired of seeing the same thing repeated.

Going forward, our aim is to produce less versions of a particular subject to avoid over saturation. Unfortunately, this strategy inevitably pushes up the unit price of each subject we do produce. Having said that, we believe that quality is more important than quantity now and in the future.

Tanks for the Memories: An M-24 Chaffee Light Tank
TMP: Thus far you've modeled military aircraft and combat vehicles. Do you see a time when your company might compete in other areas of the diecast market, such as classic cars, race cars or automobiles?

HM: We have no such plans in the short term. The automobile and racing markets are already far too saturated for a new competitor to step in. On the other hand, there is a possibility that we would produce civilian aircraft in the not-too-distant future.

All in all, I think that by 'focusing' on what we are currently doing is of the utmost importance to us.

TMP: Why do you feel your company has a leg up on the competition?

HM: Our group has its own production facility, which is critical in helping us make and deliver our products on time. Furthermore, our engineering and production team have many years of experience in manufacturing similar types of products.

Finally, our close connection with collectors helps us to gain added insight into the needs of the collectors.

TMP: Do you foresee a time when other diecast manufacturers would want to collaborate with you by manufacturing their products at your facility?

HM: We have already collaborated with a British-based company to develop a special series. Moreover, our factory is currently producing replicas for a well-known Japanese brand. While these relationships are beneficial, we believe that the promotion of our own brand is of the utmost importance to us as well as our valued audience.

The F-104: Hobby Master's Most Successful Aircraft to Date
TMP: How difficult is it to train your employees to ensure the utmost accuracy in your products?

HM: Training skilled craftsmen is very difficult since most of our workers have no prior experience in modeling. Basically, our approach has become a 'learning by doing' process with close inspection of the finished product the key to ensuring accuracy and success.

TMP: Which areas of the diecast military market do you think your company will expand into over the course of the next year?

HM: We're currently exploring opportunities in larger scale armored fighting vehicle and/or aircraft areas. We recognize that space is starting to become a problem for some collectors. That said, we think that making something bigger with superior detail and workmanship and smaller productions runs is just what may be needed to gain further traction in the marketplace.

TMP: Could you walk us through the design process, from agreeing upon a weapons system to model all the way through to final production and assembly?

HM: The process consists of the following steps:

- Market Research
I handle all market research with the aim of developing the best possible product people have come to expect from Hobby Master.

- Historic Research
We consult reference books, examine historical websites and take into account expert opinions when we consider each new subject matter.

- Product Development
At this stage, a prototype is developed based upon the data points we've collected. These data points are scanned into a computer and modeled in 3-D using computer-aided programming techniques.

- Engineering and Development
This process consists of the following steps:

Anatomy of a New Build

  • I) A-4 Data Scanning

  • II) Mold Development - computerized milling machine using a CAD program

  • III) Mold Developed - Creation of the fuselage for our P-39 (over 1,000 pounds in weight)

  • IV) Spray booth to spray individual parts - The wings of an F-104 undergoing painting

  • V) Tampo printing - printing of all the decorations are done by machine (an F-4 body printing using a silicon pad)

  • VI) Small parts assembly and touch-up

  • VI) Small parts assembly and touch-up

  • VII) Assembly Line - An A-4 Blue Angel Skyhawk being put together by one of our craftsmen

  • VIII) The Final Result - An A-4 Skyhawk "The Blue Angels"

TMP: Thus far, what's been the most successful product you;ve produced and why?

HM: I would have to say it is the Lockheed F-104 Starfighter. The F-104 has never been modeled in 1:72 scale before. Just as importantly, the real aircraft had an extremely large client base to draw upon from across many different nations, including Germany, Italy, and Greece, to name a few. It also occupies an extraordinary place in aviation history. All these factors have combined to make this famous aircraft a real success for us.

TMP: Thank you for taking the time to discuss the inner workings of your operation and we wish you continued success in the diecast marketplace....posted 6/21/2008