Dragon DRW56263 USAF Lockheed SR-71A Blackbird Reconnaissance Aircraft - 61-7967, 9th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing, Beale AFB, CA, 1997 (1:400 Scale)
"You know the part in 'High Flight' where it talks about putting out your hand to touch the face of God? Well, when we're at speed and altitude in the SR, we have to slow down and descend in order to do that."
- USAF Lt. Col. Gil Bertelson, SR-71 pilot, in 'SR-71 Blackbird: Stories, Tales and Legends,' 2002
The Lockheed SR-71 was an advanced, long-range, Mach 3 strategic reconnaissance aircraft developed from the Lockheed A-12 and YF-12A aircraft by the Lockheed Skunk Works. The SR-71 was unofficially named the Blackbird, and called the Habu by its crews. Clarence "Kelly" Johnson was responsible for many of the design's innovative concepts. A defensive feature of the aircraft was its high speed and operating altitude, whereby, if a surface-to-air missile launch were detected, standard evasive action was simply to accelerate. The SR-71 line was in service from 1964 to 1998, with 12 of the 32 aircraft being destroyed in accidents, though none were lost to enemy action.
The Air Force ordered a reconnaissance version in December 1962. Originally named R-12, it was later renamed SR-71. The SR-71 was longer and heavier than the A-12. Its fuselage was lengthened for additional fuel capacity to increase range. A second seat was added to the cockpit and the chines were reshaped. Reconnaissance equipment included signals intelligence sensors, a side-looking radar and a photo camera.
During the 1964 campaign, Republican presidential nominee Barry Goldwater continually criticized President Lyndon B. Johnson and his administration for falling behind the Soviet Union in the research and development of new weapons systems. Johnson decided to counter this criticism by releasing information on the hitherto highly classified A-12 program, and later the existence of the reconnaissance version.
The SR-71 designator is a continuation of the pre-1962 bomber series, which ended with the XB-70 Valkyrie. During the later period of its testing, the B-70 was proposed for the reconnaissance/strike role, with an RS-70 designation. When it was clear that the Lockheed A-12 performance potential was much greater, USAF decided to pursue an RS-71 version of the A-12 rather than the RS-70. However, then-USAF Chief of Staff General Curtis LeMay preferred the SR (Strategic Reconnaissance) designation and wanted the RS-71 to be named SR-71. Before the Blackbird was to be announced by President Johnson on February 29 1964. LeMay lobbied to modify Johnson's speech to read SR-71 instead of RS-71. The media transcript given to the press at the time still had the earlier RS-71 designation in places, creating the myth that the president had misread the aircraft's designation.
This public disclosure of the program and its renaming came as a shock to everyone at the Skunk Works and to Air Force personnel involved in the program. All of the printed maintenance manuals, flight crew handbooks, training slides and materials were labeled "R-12"; while the June 18, 1965 Certificates of Completion issued by the Skunkworks to the first Air Force Flight Crews and their Wing Commander were labeled "R-12 Flight Crew Systems Indoctrination, Course VIII". Following Johnson's speech the name change was taken as an order from the Commander-in-Chief, and immediate reprinting began of new materials, including 29,000 blueprints, to be retitled "SR-71".
Pictured here is a USAF Lockheed SR-71A Blackbird Reconnaissance Aircraft that was attached to the 9th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing, then operating out of Beale AFB, CA, during 1997.
Wingspan: 1.75 inches
Length: 3.25 inches
Release Date: May 2011
Historical Account: "Battle Space Effects" - Beale Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base in Yuba County, California (near Marysville), that was established in 1943. It is also a census-designated place (CDP) with a population of 5,115 as of the 2000 census. The base was named for Brigadier General Edward Fitzgerald Beale.
The host wing is the 9th Reconnaissance Wing (9 RW) of the Air Combat Command (ACC), which includes an operations group, a maintenance group, a mission support group and a medical group.
Beale's mission is to produce immediate Battle Space Effects, and uses the U-2 and the RQ-4 Global Hawk reconnaissance aircraft and associated support equipment to accomplish this. The wing also operates the T-38 Talon and previously operated the SR-71 Blackbird. The base is also home to the 940th Air Refueling Wing (940 ARW), an Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) unit operationally gained by the Air Mobility Command (AMC) and flying the KC-135 Stratotanker. Additionally, the 13th Reconnaissance Squadron, part of the 610th Regional Support Group in the 10th Air Force, conducts RQ-4 training at Beale.