21st Century Toys 21C99346S1 US M59 155mm 'Long Tom' Cannon - Olive Drab, "Berlin" (1:32 Scale)
"The only way you can win a war is to attack and keep on attacking, and after you have done that, keep attacking some more."
- General George S. Patton Jr., January 1945
The 155 mm M1 Long Tom and M2 (later M59) were 155 millimeter calibre field guns used by the United States armed services during World War II. The M1 Long Tom replaced the Canon de 155 mm GPF in United States service.
Before entering World War I, the United States was poorly equipped with heavy artillery. To address this a number of foreign heavy artillery guns were adopted, including the Canon de 155 mm GPF. After the end of the war development work began in the United States on a design to improve upon the existing models of heavy gun and carriage. A number of prototypes were produced in the 1920s and 1930s, but the projects were put on hold several times due to lack of funds. In 1939 it was decided to adopt the T2E1 carriage and T3 eight inch howitzer as the 155 mm gun M1 on Carriage M1.
The new design used a barrel broadly similar to the earlier 155 mm GPF, but with an Ashbury breech. The new split-trail carriage featured four roadwheels, each mounting two tires. The wheels could be lifted, allowing the gun to rest on a firing platform. This made the gun very stable and thus accurate.
The gun was developed into M1A1 and M2 variants. After the war, the United States Army re-organized, and the gun was redesignated as the M59. Sold Out!
Length: 10 inches
Width: 3 inches
Release Date: September 2007
Historical Account: "Long Tom" - The 155mm heavy gun, nicknamed "Long Tom" could fire a 95lb projectile upwards of 15 miles with high accuracy. The gun is so long that if the trunion, which effects the raising and lowering of the rifle, were put at the center of balance, the breech of the gun would go into the ground whenever the muzzle was raised high. The solution is to put the trunion farther back, and to make the gun easy to raise and lower by hand by substituting mechanical balance for natural balance. The equilibrator does the mechanical balancing.