Easy Model EM36245 Russian IS-3/3M Heavy Tank - Hungary, 1956 (1:72 Scale)
"By powerful artillery fire, air strikes, and a wave of attacking tanks, we're supposed to swiftly crush the enemy."
- Marshal Georgi K. Zhukov
The IS-3 first appeared to western observers at the Allied Victory Parade in Berlin in September 1945. By most accounts these tanks overawed the western powers, who responded with heavy tank designs of their own in the 1950s. A Regiment of IS-3s may have been deployed in Manchuria in 1945. Internally the IS-3 was identical to the IS-2 model. Externally, however, the IS-3 featured redesigned armor, a new rounded turret, angular front hull casting, and integrated stowage bins over the tracks. About 350 vehicles were built during the war.
By the 1950s, the emergence of the main battle tank concept rendered heavy tanks obsolete. The main battle tank concept combined the mobility of the medium tank with the armour and firepower of the heavy tank. In the late 1960s, the remaining Soviet heavy tanks were transferred to Red Army reserve service and war stores. The IS-2 Model 1944 remained in active service much longer in the armies of Cuba, China and North Korea. A regiment of Chinese IS-2s was available for use in the Korean War, but saw no service there. Some Soviet IS-3s were dug in as fixed pillboxes along the Soviet-Chinese border. The IS-3 was used in the 1956 Soviet invasion of Hungary and the Prague Spring in 1968. It was supplied to Egypt, seeing action in the Six Day War against IDF M48 Pattons but by this time the concept of the heavy tank was showing its deficiencies.
After the Korean War, China had attempted to reverse-engineer the IS-2/IS-3 as Type 122 medium tank. The project was cancelled in favour of the Type 59, a copy of the Soviet T-54A.
Pictured here is a 1:72 scale replica of a Russian IS-3/3M Heavy Tank involved in the Hungary Uprising during 1956.
Length: 4 inches
Width: 1.5 inches