RIO MMRIO03 Italian Fiat 18L Military Truck Used in the 'March on Rome' (1:43 Scale)
"Neutrals never dominate events. They always sink. Blood alone moves the wheels of history."
- Italian Dictator, Benito Mussolini
The March on Rome was a pseudo-coup d'etat by which Mussolini's National Fascist Party came to power in Italy. It took place on October 29th, 1922.
The quadriumvirs leading the Fascist Party, Emilio De Bono, Italo Balbo, one of the most famous ras, Michele Bianchi and Cesare de Vecchi, organized the March while the Duce stayed behind. On October 24th, 1922, Mussolini declared before 60,000 people at the Fascist Congress in Naples: "We want to become the state!", and then retired to Milan. Meanwhile, the Blackshirts, who had occupied the Po plain, took all strategic points of the country. On October 26, Antonio Salandra warned Prime Minister Luigi Facta that Mussolini demanded his resignation and that he was preparing to march on Rome. However, Facta didn't believe Salandra and thought that Mussolini would nicely govern at his side. To meet the threat posed by the bands of fascist troops now gathering outside Rome, Luigi Facta (who had resigned but continued to hold power) ordered a state of siege for Rome. However, the King Victor Emmanuel III refused to sign the military order and handed power on October 28 to Mussolini, who was supported by the military, the business class and the liberal right-wing.
The march itself was composed of less than 30,000 men, but the king in part feared a civil war since the squadristi had already taken control of the Po plain and most part of the country, while Fascism was no longer seen as a threat to the establishment. Mussolini was asked to form his cabinet on October 29, 1922, while some 25,000 Blackshirts were parading in Rome. Mussolini thus legally reached power, in accordance with the Statuto Albertino, the Italian Constitution. The March on Rome was not the conquest of power which Fascism later celebrated but rather a transfer of power within the framework of the constitution, a transfer made possible by the surrender of public authorities in the face of fascist intimidation and the complicity of the bourgeoisie, who thought it possible to instrumentalize Mussolini. The latter had declared himself a member of the Manchester School in favour of free market and laissez faire economics. He also feigned to be ready to take a subalternate ministry in a Giolitti or Salandra cabinet, but then demanded the presidency of the Council. Fearing a conflict with the fascists, the ruling class thus handed power to Mussolini, who would install the dictatorship after the June 10th, 1924 assassination of Giacomo Matteotti, who had finished writing The Fascist Exposed: A Year of Fascist Domination, by Amerigo Dumini and others agents of the Ceka secret police created by Mussolini. (courtesy: Wikipedia)
Pictured here is a 1;43 scale replica of an Italian Fiat 18L military troop transport used by the Fascisti "Black Shirts" in their infamous March on Rome. Sold Out!
Length: 4 inches
Width: 1.5 inches