Hobby Master HG3509 British Centurion Mk.3 Main Battle Tank - C Squadron, 1st Royal Tank Regiment, Commonwealth Division, Korea, 1953 (1:72 Scale)
"From the Mud(brown), Through the blood(red) to the green fields beyond."
- Phrase that characterizes the 1st Royal Tank Regiment
The Centurion was Britain's first attempt to produce a universal tank and do away with divisions between the infantry tanks, such as the Matilda, and cruiser tanks like the Comet. In 1943, after a succession of unfortunate tank designs, the British War Office commissioned a new specification calling for a tank weighing 40-tons that offered durability, reliability, and the ability to withstand a direct hit from a German 88mm gun. Six prototypes were developed before the end of World War II, all of which arrived too late to take part in the war.
It was soon recognized that the weight restrictions had to be lifted as the original specification could not be achieved within the 40-ton weight limitation. The early vehicles were equipped with a 17 pounder main gun and a 20mm Polsten cannon. They also featured frontal, glacis plate armour to deflect shots, a partially cast turret and a Horstmann suspension. However, modifications to the original design were quickly made and the changes resulted in the adoption of a 20 pounder, fully stabilized main gun and the replacement of the 20mm cannon with a Besa machine gun (thus allowing the turret to be fully cast). These changes resulted in the Mk IV version of the vehicle.
In order to maintain its combat effectiveness, continuing modifications have led to numerous other changes to the main gun armament (most notably the incorporation of a 105mm gun), the addition of fire control equipment and infra-red driving aids, a new diesel engine, and a semi-automatic transmission.
The Centurion first saw action in Korea during 1951 and soon proved itself to be the best performing tank in this theatre of operations, offering excellent cross country performance. It has also been exported to a number of client nations, particularly Israel, which used them with great effect in several of the Arab-Israeli Wars.
Pictured here is a 1:72 scale replica of a Centurion Mk.3 battle tank that was attached to C Squadron, 1st Royal Tank Regiment, Commonwealth Division, then deployed to Korea during 1953.
Length: 4 inches
Width: 1.5 inches
Release Date: July 2011
Historical Account: "Color War" - The 1st Royal Tank Regiment (1 RTR) is an armoured regiment of the British Army. It is part of the Royal Tank Regiment, itself part of the Royal Armoured Corps. It was originally formed as 1st (Light) Battalion, Royal Tank Corps in 1934.
In 1993, it amalgamated with the 4th Royal Tank Regiment without change of title. It incorporated both the original regiment's traditional recruiting areas of Merseyside and Scotland. The new regiment also adopted the strong Scottish connections of the 4th RTR, taking on the former regiment's pipes and drums, which wear the Hunting Rose tartan. The Regiment Colours symbolize the phrase "From the Mud(brown), Through the blood(red) to the green fields beyond." In 1999, two squadrons were split off as part of the Joint Chemical, Biological, Radiation and Nuclear Regiment amalgamating with No. 27 Squadron, RAF Regiment, and two squadrons of the Royal Yeomanry. The Regimental March is Lippe Detmold.