Collectors Showcase CS00421 Berlin 1938 - Adolf Galland (1:30 Scale)
"I would rather die standing up in a Mercedes than hide away."
- German Chancellor Adolf Hitler commenting upon a possible assasination attempt while riding in his limousine, 1938
The Collectors Showcase presents the beginning of our new series: Berlin 1938. A series meant to chronicle, in miniature, Berlin at the height of the Third Reich's pre-war power. The first diorama offering is the Fuhrer's Reichkanzlei office complete with map table, lamps and removable swastika flag. The initial figure set offerings are the figures and personalities that brought the Western world to the edge of oblivion. Each figure comes with a removable hat allowing greater flexibility in display. The launch of this series heralds a long view of the great variety of Berlin locales available to the collector. Each vignette setting brings the collector another view of the city's central points throughout the Nazi period. Sold Out!
Height: 2-1/2 inches
Release Date: July 2010
Historical Account: General Adolf "Dolfo" Joseph Ferdinand Galland (March 19th, 1912 – February 9th, 1996) was a German Luftwaffe flying ace and commander who served throughout World War II in Europe. A flying ace or fighter ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat. He flew 705 combat missions, and fought on the Western and the Defence of the Reich fronts. On four occasions he survived being shot down, and he was credited with 104 aerial victories, all of them against the Western Allies.
Galland, born in Westerholt, Westphalia. Galland became a glider pilot before he joined Lufthansa. Galland graduated as a pilot in 1932 before applying to join the Reichswehr of the Weimar Republic later in the year. Galland was accepted, but never took up the offer. In February 1934 he transferred to the Luftwaffe. Serving first as an instructor, then volunteered for the Condor Legion in 1937 and flew missions in support of the Nationalists under Francisco Franco during the Spanish Civil War as a strike aircraft pilot, finishing his tour in 1938. Galland was then employed in the Air Ministry writing doctrine and technical manuals about his experiences as a ground-attack pilot. During the German invasion of Poland in September 1939, he flew ground attack missions. In early 1940 Galland managed to persuade his superiors to allow him to become a fighter pilot. Galland flew Messerschmitt Bf 109s during the Battle of France and the Battle of Britain. By the end of 1940 his tally of victories had reached 57. In 1941 Galland stayed in France and fought the Royal Air Force (RAF) over the English Channel area. By the end of 1941 his tally had increased to 96, by which time he had earned the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub and Schwertern). In November 1941, Werner Molders, General der Jagdflieger (General of the Fighter Force), was killed in a flying accident and Galland succeeded him which meant he was forbidden to fly combat missions.
Until January 1945, Galland commanded the German Fighter Force (Jagdwaffe). In January 1942, Galland planned the air superiority cover for the Kriegsmarine Operation Cerberus which was a major success. It earned him the coveted Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds. In the following months and years, Galland's position as General der Jagdflieger caused his relationship with Reichsmarschall Hermann Goring to deteriorate. The Luftwaffe fighter force was under severe pressure by 1944 and Galland was blamed by Goring for the failure to prevent the Allied strategic bombing of Germany in daylight. The relationship collapsed altogether in January 1945 when he was relieved of his command following constant criticism of the Luftwaffe leadership. A group of senior pilots confronted Goring during the "Fighter Pilots Conspiracy" in respect of his dismissal and Galland was put under house arrest soon afterwards. In March 1945, he returned to operational flying in "disgrace". Galland formed a jet fighter unit called Jagdverband 44 and flew missions over Germany until the end of the war in May. After the war Galland was employed by Argentina's Government and acted as a consultant to the Argentine Air Force. Later he returned to Germany and managed his own business. Galland also befriended many former enemies, such as RAF aces Robert Stanford Tuck and Douglas Bader. Adolf Galland died in February 1996.